# Governance at Life Itself
# Executive Summary
Life Itself was initiated in 2015 by Sylvie Barbier and Rufus Pollock and were joined by co-founder Liam Kavanagh a year later. With the ongoing growth of Life Itself as a community and enterprise it behoves us to put in place solid foundations for our future development as well as provide transparency. Our motivating question is: what are the governance structures, patterns and practices we should put in place that would support and provide clarity on:
- A sense of ownership, fairness and trust amongst the nucleus, its members, and the broader community.
- People investing their time, energy and goodwill in the vision, mission and values of Life Itself to be recognised.
- Preserve and enhance Life Itself’s reputation.
- Staying true to the deepest elements of its vision, mission, values and culture, whilst being able to evolve in line with circumstance.
- Being able to live on beyond its founders and a balance between creating a vibrant and dynamic community with members being able to be more autonomous
- Clear reciprocal relationships with associated projects ( eg: London Hub, LEAP, Datopian, Institute, etc]
# Our Hypothesis
We propose to address these intentions by:
- Creating an explicit membership model
- Establishing a board
- Creating separate voting and revenue shares with a formula for assessing contribution and allocating new [revenue] shares based on contribution
- Setting out clear community agreements
- Creating template agreements for associated initiatives and spaces and test these out with the London Hub and at least two projects e.g. the LEAP and Datopian
Our intention is to create membership structure which reflects the vision of Life Itself – where people experience being part of something, contributing and being contributed to and living the Life Itself vision and mission through our key values.
The other intention of the model is to reflect and recognise the different level of involvement and contribution to Life Itself by its members.
# How do you become a member of the community and how does it work?
⚠ We don’t yet have a formal membership process distinct from hub residency or becoming a team member. We interpret membership broadly to include Pioneers, Contributors and even many sympathizers.
# Levels of involvement
While you are a member of a Life Itself “family” group, each member might have different level of involvement with Life Itself. Therefore within a family you may find people with various levels. Below is a drawing and explanation of the different criterias for each level:
# Level 1 Sympathizers
You are actively (or quietly!) supporting the aims and/or way of being up to those actively contributing material or other resources to the effort.
# Level 2 Contributor
A contributor is someone who does one or more of following:
- does sustained “work” (remunerated / unremunerated)
- produces a workshop /event with us and who we (both they and us) want to continue collaborating
- has done some major support (e.g. helped us get funding) and they live for at least a month
- Someone resident in a hub and is actively engaged (on community calls), volunteers time and/or acts as an ambassador
- Substantive contribution to artistic or intellectual output
# Level 3 Pioneer
A Pioneer who is among the first to explore or settle a new country or area. One of the first to do something. Life Itself Pioneers are actively involved in pioneering Life Itself.
# Membership agreement
As a member, you agree to the following as part of being part of the community:
- To live according to the values of Life Itself
- Not to gossip about other members of the community.
- To take collective responsibility for the care and wellbeing of the “family” as a whole and it’s individuals.
- To be aligned and supportive of the vision and mission of Life Itself.
- Not to withhold communications or intentionally cause upsets.
- If you have any issue or problem with Life Itself, you will responsibly communicate only to the person who can resolve that issue.
- You agree to join the quarterly community day and join at least one community call a month
# Communicating & Resolving Conflicts
- “Getting complete”, emotional “cleaning” and conflict resolution is a priority in our community.
- We believe that unspoken resentment and unresolved disagreements cause blocked relationships that damage the community.
- We seek to create safe spaces for each other and to learn tools such as meditation, integrity (restoration), flower watering (acknowledgement), non-violent communication and sharing to help us transform conflict into positive growth.
- We are determined to show-up to each other, not hide from things for convenience, when we have a chance to address issues in a sufficiently safe and kind space.
# Shares, Revenue and Voting
Life Itself consists of a company limited by shares and a non-profit company limited by guarantee. The core Life Itself entity will probably operate more like a CIC (community interest company) than a traditional for-profit company though the exact legal structure is to be worked out. Specifically, classic CIC principles:
- Asset lock: the assets held by Life Itself can not be liquidated and distributed except to another entity pursuing the same purpose and mission.
- Distribution to pioneers will be set at a low level, sufficient only to attract necessary capital (for example, repayment of initial investment plus X% a year)
Life Itself in it’s governance stand on three principles:
- Recognition of value
- Recognition of risk
- Fair but not equal
# Recognition of value
We believe that there are many more values than monetary ones. Our goal is to create a common yardstick to recognize and remunerate the value members contribute to Life Itself (eg: wellness, art, time, expertise, money…)
The principal is that the more you put in the more you get out:
value in => value out (in the form of either economical or voting shares)
# Recognition of risk
Some people may invest energy and money when there is little cash around or people power / belief around – we want them to get compensated later.
We see this under the form of two options:
- Equity (with a denominator on risk)
# Fair but not equal
We want to recognize differential contribution so that people feel fairly treated and we have incentives; at the same time we want to “flatten” those incentives compared to the outside world. We want to incentivize effort and quality.
# Types of Shares
There are two types of shares, voting shares and revenue shares. A member of Life Itself community can qualify for revenue and/or voting share when reaching L3.
# Fig 2: Voting and Revenue Shares and Allocation of Monies
# Voting Shares
Voting shares have voting control by majority over the following:
- Vota A: Allocation of surplus between Initiatives, Dividends and the Rainy Day fund (subject to minimum provision)
- Vote B: Allocation of money between initiatives (this may be subject to management direction as well)
Allocation of Voting Shares is at the discretion of the board initially and will be related both to fiscal and non-fiscal contribution.
# Revenue Shares
Ownership of revenue shares entitles the holder to dividends. Dividends are distributed in proportion to the proportion of revenue shares held [perhaps subject to max provisions - ie. no more than 20x the minimum distribution]
# Allocation of Revenue Shares
Revenue shares are distributed to L3 members based on an assessment of their contribution.
- Contribution points = Some function of (€, value, effort, skills + competence, joy)
- € = revenue generated, value = value generated etc
- Adjust contribution points towards equality (at some rate)
2. Maybe allow for a mincome e.g. 5k a year and above proportional
- Contribution points determine proportional allocation of that years share issue
- That year share issue = f(value created / effort expended) * decay function (to reflect early risk and that stuff tends to grow)
3. Easiest would be effort relative to the past i.e. share issue
# Simple Example
- Life Itself run since Oct 2015
- Proposed allocation (Rufus, Sylvie, Ninon, Liam): 40, 30, 15, 15
- 400 shares initial allocation => 160 / 120 / 60 / 60
- [Example: future allocation]
- 100 shares next year
- Contribution (Rufus, Sylvie, Ninon, Liam): 15%, 30%, 15%, 40%
- Total: 160 + 15, 120 + 30, 60 + 15, 60 + 40
- Total: 175, 150, 75, 100
# Appendix: Criteria for our model - why we chose it
What are the criteria we select on for our model? Answer: Balance between fairness and [unequal] quality-adjusted contribution, risk-taking and responsibility.
Benefits to individual or family
- Security & certainty
- Insurance - risk pooling
- Maximizing public goods
- Security - psyche
- Quality-adjusted contribution
- Responsibility / competence [scarcity]
<-- Equality--------------------------- >Based on responsibility for output produced
# The Board
The intention and purpose of the board is to make sure the mission and plan of action of Life Itself is to align with the vision and values of Life Itself.
There will be two types of board members:
- “Permanent” (or Founding) members: Rufus Pollock, Sylvie Barbier, Liam Kavanagh.
- Non-permanent members: these serve two-year terms (renewable)
The board is not remunerated. Board decisions are by majority voting with majority required of both permanent and non-permanent board members.
What are the criteria to be a board member?
You must be a Level 3 member and have done the Landmark Forum (so that we have a shared language for managing workability, etc). You must have shown past and present commitment to self-development and transformation.
How do you get elected to be on the board?
Consensus invitation by founding board members for a two year term.
How does one leave the board?
To leave the board, we expect 9 months notice. Plus non-permanent serve 2 year terms (can be renewed by agreement of member and board).
How does one remove someone from the board?
Majority vote of permanent and all board members.
Are founding board members governed by the same rules?
No. Permanent members of the board can only be removed by consensus of other permanent members.
The intention of the management team is to act on the vision and mission of Life Itself and to be remunerated for their work.
|CEO||Rufus - Sylvie||General oversight of the organisation, coordination and audit of the different management roles (and other entities eg. institute), development of the overall strategy and key partnerships innitiatives.||To make sure A/E/T as an organisation is healthy and OKRs are met||Monthly Check-in with all heads in management team|
|COO||Rufus||Manage accounts, link with project heads and oversee the work of the admin person (Filing accounts, paying people, checking we get money, booking travel, having relevant services..), HR work, other legal agreements e.g. MoUs etc||Accounts are up to date and compliant with regulation||Quarterly financial report to the CEO and the board members; people are paid on time.|
|Head of Comms CMO & CCO||Responsible for branding, website and social media content, liaising with different entities to request for content.||To have an attractive image aligned with the mission and value, to update members and friends on developments happening within the community||Website updated regularly (up to date with recent development within the community); at least 1 social media post every week|
|Head of Spaces||Sylvie||Responsible for the overall management of the hubs and development of new spaces||To have spaces aligned with values (eg, aesthetics, human interactions we aspire to...) for community members to spend time together||The London hub and Berlin Hub breaks even, residents occupying the space, a management structure exists within the space, events are happening in the space|
|CRO (chief research officer)||Liam||Responsible for developing the overall research goals and overseeing research work at the institute at for the organisation as a whole.||To make sure that Life Itself as an organisation can rely on quality research to promote its vision and mission.||??|
# Fig X: the Life Itself network of initiatives as of 2018
Just as people are part of the Art Earth Network and can become members, so there will be initiatives that have a relationship with Life Itself. There are two key aspects of a relationship of Life Itself with other initiatives:
- Reputation & Brand: e.g. how and when can associated initiatives use Life Itself’s brand?
- Economic: What, if any, economic relationship is there between the entitites? For example, does Life Itself have a financial stake in these other entities?
To address these questions, we intend to create an explicit agreement for entities to associate with Life Itself just as we have for members.
We believe these relationships can be very important, especially economically, and will be a crucial mechanism for creating a dynamic and thriving Life Itself ecosystem.
At present, we do not have a definite answer. Our ongoing work is covered in the separate document on the Life Itself “Mutual Project Co” (opens new window).
For the present, we intend to do an initial try-out with existing closely associated initiatives such as Datopian & LEAP.
# Appendix - FAQs
# Fig 3: An early drawing from the Life Itself Nucleus Sprint Aug 2018
# Definition of Membership and how to join
Do you want Life Itself to be a slightly more exclusive ‘Invite only’ network, or do you want it to be very open and inclusive. There’s no right answer, both are useful in different ways, but it would be good to state here.
E.g. How do you get invited to a gathering? Through invitation by a current Supporter after approval by their Family Facilitator or a Board Member.
Life Itself obviously welcomes all kinds of participation. However for what we are terming members (and this phrasing or definition could change in future) this or something similar would be likely.
# What is a (major) initiative?
- A sequence of small workshops or meetings (e.g. 4+ project brunches)
- Organizing a major event e.g. 50+ people
# How would the asset lock operate?
There’s potentially a conflict of interest in the structure for the asset lock: the directors responsible for policing the Asset Lock are also responsible for deciding how much dividend to pay themselves. Almost all organisations with an Asset Lock have a board that don’t benefit financially for this reason.
We are continuing to think about this, especially as we set up the charity.
# What decisions are the remit of The Board, and what decisions are the remit of the Voting Pioneers?
Plan is voting pioneers would control things like allocations to projects from projects fund.
At present, given the early stage of Life Itself we are operating a bit like Damanhur at the start where they had much more executive direction and we similarly incline to more authority to the board.
# What about other self-development conditions for board members?
At present, you specify doing the "Landmark Forum” as a prerequisite for board participation. What about other similar personal growth work?
We encourage all forms of personal and professional development and transformation. At the same time, we find it very valuable for the Board to have some kind of shared foundation and common language to complement the different practices board members may be doing.
# What about dividing Life Itself into two complementary orgs – “associates” and “network”?
MAIN COMMENT: I think you may actually be best set up as two parallel organisations here. Art/Earth/Tech as I see it does two totally valuable but actually rather distinct things:
- Art/Earth/Tech Associates
The for-profit arm with paid projects, investments and enterprises. It makes sense for this to be a select group of trusted people who actively want to work with each other. The top-down board structure you’ve suggested is appropriate for this type of organisation.
- Art/Earth/Tech Network
The not-for-profit arm. A community of people. It would be great if this was a more democratic organisation so that members feel equal to one another. A member-led organisation would have a greater sense of ownership and fairness, and encourage more commitment and input from members. One way to do this would be for each family to elect their own facilitators (1 or 2 people), and that the board of the Life Itself Network to be made up of the family facilitators. The Life Itself Network would then be responsible for organising Gatherings, Springs, Family groups and peer-to-peer support on a not-for-profit basis.
Basically, I think what Life Itself is doing is totally wonderful, but that the current structure conflates two quite distinct functions. I think that separating off the network as a more democratic service space where things are freely and generously given will attract lots more energy into the organisation, make it more sustainable and give it opportunities for great growth and to attract different types of funding. It will also mean that business arm can be a more simplified, streamlined organisation that can be justifiably exclusive.
If the two types of organisations are mixed together, there’s a risk of the lower levels of membership feeling disaffected and unmotivated. They could put in lots of voluntary work into an organisation that essentially the Level 3 founding members forever have control and ownership of.
This is a longer point and one we have now had the chance to discuss more in person 😃
Regarding the specific item here I think our concern was that one are balancing two risks (and two benefits)
That org “goes bad” (some set of people exploit others) or that risk of that puts off participation
That org gets bogged own in horizontardism or gets hijacked by a clique and that or risk of that puts off participation.
At present, we feel the set up we have balances these and also reflects fact that (based on our own experience) item 2 is a greater medium-term risk than item 1. We also think that the best way to guard against either of these is through our culture and being - no formal rules will be sufficient.